University of Maryland
CASCI

Fall 2019 Talk Schedule

CASCI Group Activities:
2119 Hornbake Bldg. South Wing
11:00 am – 12:00 noon

Map image of Hornbake Library.  Click map image to open UMD map directions to the Hornbake Library.
Click map for directions to Hornbake Bldg.

This CASCI meetings are live streamed using WebEx.

Attend virtually:
https://go.umd.edu/casci-webex
Meeting number: 732 243 809
Host key: 551358
Link forwards to the longer meeting URL. You may need to install WebEx software.

Or
Join by video system:
Dial 732243809@umd.webex.com
Join by phone:
+1-202-860-2110
+1-415-655-0002 (alt.)
Access code: 732 243 809


An overview of Information Science in Brazil, its Graduate Programs and the R.E.G.I.I.M.E.N.T.O. researches at a glance: Perspectives and Challenges

September 10th, 2019

Description: Information Science emerged in Brazil in the 1970s. The Federal Government created an Institute, a Graduate Program and a Scientific Journal. Today there are two associations, ABECIN (Associação Brasileira de Educação em Ciência da Informação/Brazilian Association of Education in Information Science) and ANCIB (Associação Nacional de Pesquisa e Pós-Graduação em Ciência da Informação / National Association of Research and Graduate Program in Information Science). There are currently 19 Graduate Programs in Information Science in Brazil and approximately 77 research groups. One of these research groups is the “Research Expert Group for Intelligent Information in Multimodal Environment using Natural language Technologies and Ontologies” (R.E.G.I.I.M.E.N.T.O.), group formed in 2013. The objective of this group is to research Information Architecture, Computational Linguistics, Ontologies and Multimodality, identifying the advantages and disadvantages from the point of view of practical application of theories of these areas and to propose the joint use of these knowledge, both in the development / adaptation of academic / educational material specifically, but not only. The group proposes the development of possible solutions to some technological and/or management problems. Blockchain, e-Governance, IoT, Data Analytics, Sentiment Analysis are topics that the group has interest. R.E.G.I.I.M.E.N.T.O. produced three books (in Portuguese) , as well as several papers (in Portuguese and some in English) in journals and events from different areas of human knowledge (basically, Information Science, Computer Science and Pedagogy).

Speaker: Dr. Claudio Gottschalg Duque has Master Degree in Linguistic Studies, Psycholinguistics, has Doctoral Degree in Information Science, Production and Management of Information,  is Associate Professor in the Faculty  of Information Science in the University of Brasilia, Brazil, a permanent member of the Graduation Program in Information Science of the Faculty of Information Science (PGCINF/FCI), the founder and coordinator of the R.E.G.I.I.M.E.N.T.O. Research Group.


Title: Chasing Something Beautiful: Communities of Citation and the Cultural Circuits of Capital in the Early Days of Venture Capital

September 24th, 2019

Description: How did venture capital investment become the dominant mode of funding for high technology, inextricably linked in the popular consciousness with innovation, massive economic growth, and equally massive investor profits? By the early 1970s, venture capitalists were gaining name recognition as a distinct category separate from other types of investors. But the profession itself was haphazard and struggling. Its practices, strategies, and organizational structures varied widely from firm to firm, and investment to investment, and venture capitalists were dogged by regulations that nipped away at their most profitable activities and everyday operations. The limited partnership model, a structure which allowed the venture capitalist to invest collective funds of institutional capital, earn a management fee, and collect a share of the capital gains besides, was rarely used and was sharply hampered by ERISA regulation after 1974. SEC regulations, intended to curb insider trading and aggressive or fraudulent sales tactics, made it difficult for venture capitalists to make equity investments without the cost or hassle of registering those securities, and made it nearly impossible for those unregistered securities to be sold on the secondary market. Many practicing venture capitalists felt their most profitable ways of doing business were unfairly and in some cases fatally hamstrung by regulations intended to curb the historical abuses of other investors. This talk explores how the modern form of venture capital, the institutionally-supported, limited partnership dedicated equity investment firm, was promoted through cultural and professional cultural circuits in the late 1970s and early 1980s. This eventually lead to focused, coherent policy change specifically intended to favor the institutionally supported, limited partnership firm model as the expense of other investment modes. This talk particularly focuses on the contributions of the Small Business Administration’s 1976 Task Force on Venture and Equity Capital, led by William J. Casey, a lawyer, venture capitalist, and businessman who would later go on to head the CIA under Ronald Reagan.

Dr. Mols Sauter bio photo

Speaker: M.R. Sauter is an Assistant Professor of Sociotechnical Cybersecurity Studies at the University of Maryland College of Information Studies, focusing on innovation economy public-private partnerships, and how corporate priorities impact the security and rights of individuals and communities. They are the author of The Coming Swarm: DDoS Actions, Hacktivism, and Civil Disobedience on the Internet. They hold a PhD in Communication Studies from McGill University in Montreal, QC, a masters degree in Comparative Media Studies from MIT, and have held research fellowships at the Berkman-Klein Center for Internet and Society, and New America. They can be found at oddletters.com and on twitter @oddletters.


Smart Cities and the Need for Proactive Transparency

October 8th, 2019

Description: Smart cities are an example of the profound impact of technology for local governments. With recent innovations in sensors and artificial intelligence, cities are able to measure and do more in service of their residents. At the same time, these advances present unique challenges to privacy, fairness and progress, especially where they are found perpetuate harm to vulnerable populations. 

In absence of a general policy approach, what can cities do to get the most out of tech, while respecting the rights of their residents? Inclusive and participatory governance presents a path. This talk will detail strategies from the world of open data to show what can cities can achieve with smart cities, while creating process allow residents to shape their outcome.

Noel Isama, Senior Policy Analyst with the Sunlight Foundation

Speaker: Noel Isama is a Senior Policy Analyst with the Sunlight Foundation. His work focuses on providing guidance to government, civil society, and business on best practices for transparency though the use of the internet, tech, and community engagement. He has helped over 20 cities to adopt and implement open data policies. Noel has worked on projects that involved procurement reform, urban development, resiliency and municipal finance. Along with that Noel provides thought leadership through his writing on internet & tech policy, open data, community engagement, equity, AI, smart cities, and government reform. Prior to Sunlight, Noel was Director of Transparency for Common Cause Maryland and a Chief of Staff to a member of the Maryland House of Delegates.


Rent and Loathing in Beantown: Negotiating the Civic Good Through Short-Term Rental Laws and Romantic Anti-Capitalism

October 22nd, 2019

Description: In the ideal city, every resident would have a place to live. Unfortunately, we are far away from this utopia due to the limits on space available to residents. Property ownership serves as a fundamental exclusion criteria as it helps determine which residents get to live in the city and which cannot. My talk focuses on the tension of how cities balance the contradictory needs of propertied and non-propertied residents. I build on the scholarship on the governance of housing property in order to account for how a relatively new monetization, the short-term rental (STR), becomes contested by way of government regulations. STRing is the practice of temporarily renting one’s residential space to a guest through an online platform like Airbnb. Drawing on eighteen interviews and archival research in the Beantown area — the broader Massachusetts area comprised of Boston, Brookline, Cambridge, Newton, and Somerville — I trace how STR hosts negotiate the tension between the exclusionary nature of property ownership and the civic good by way of their portrayal of STR practices. I find that hosts tie their use of private property monetization to the civic good while foreclosing a debate about its potential negative effects. Hosts displace the displeasing aspects of property ownership onto an imagined, abstracted category of the investor host — who stands in for investment capital, indifferent corporations, and foreign money. In this negotiation of the civic good, I argue that STR owners replicate what Iyko Day calls “romantic anti-capitalism”, a mode of critiquing capitalism that values the local and concrete uses of property while displacing the downsides of property ownership onto an outside agent.

Nina Medvedeva profile photo

Speaker: Nina Medvedeva is a PhD candidate in Feminist Studies at the University of Minnesota. Her dissertation, Home in the Sharing Economy, examines how Boston, San Francisco, and Washington D.C. residents politically mobilize to navigate Airbnb’s particular monetization of the home through short-term rental laws. Last summer, she interned at the Microsoft New England Research’s Social Media Collective and researched Airbnb hosts’ reaction to the new Boston-area short-term rental laws. And, she’s a University of Maryland: College Park alumna who earned her Bachelors of Arts in Philosophy and Political Science and her Master of Arts in American Studies.


Sociometers and Sensibility

November 5th, 2019

Description: New research methods can transform research specialties and disciplines by providing new types of data and enabling the asking and answering of new kinds of research questions. Sociometers – wearable electronic sensors that capture dynamic, quantitative data about embodied interactions – represent such a possibility for studies of scientific collaboration. This talk will relate my experiences using sociometers to study small group collaborations among scientists working at two national research centers in the environmental sciences. I will discuss the distinctive qualities and affordances offered by sociometers as a new method in the social sciences, present findings from two pilot studies that combined sociometric data with surveys to study sociometric correlates of group creativity, and close by discussing practical lessons and the methodological limits of this potentially powerful new method.

John Parker Profile Photo

Speaker: John N. Parker directs the US National Science Foundation’s funding programs in Science & Technology Studies and Ethical and Responsible Research. He is an expert on scientific creativity, boundary organizations, and scientific collaboration. He has published in journals such as American Sociological Review, Social Studies of ScienceSociological Methods & Research, and Sociological Theory.


Crowd Sleuths: Solving Mysteries with Crowdsourcing, Experts and AI

November 19th, 2019

Description: Professional investigators in fields such as journalism, law enforcement, and academia have long sought the public’s help in solving mysteries, typically by providing tips. However, as social technologies capture more digital traces of daily life and enable new forms of collaboration, members of the public are increasingly leading their own investigations. These efforts are perhaps best known for high-profile failures characterized by sloppy research and vigilantism, such as the 2013 Boston Marathon Bombing manhunt on Reddit and 4chan. However, other crowdsourced investigations have led to the successful recovery of missing persons and apprehension of violent criminals, suggesting real potential. I will present three projects from my research group, the Crowd Intelligence Lab, where we helped to enable novice crowds to discover a hidden terrorist plot within large quantities of textual evidence documents; collaborate with expert investigators to geolocate and verify (or debunk) photos and videos shared on social media; and use AI-based face recognition to identify unknown soldiers in historical portraits from the American Civil War era.

Dr. Kurt Luther profile photo

Speaker: Dr. Kurt Luther is an assistant professor in the Department of Computer Science and (by courtesy) the Department of History at Virginia Tech. His research group, the Crowd Intelligence Lab, builds and studies crowdsourcing systems that support creativity and discovery, with applications in domains such as national security, journalism, history, biology, and design. His research and teaching interests include crowdsourcing, social computing, human computation, human-AI collaboration, and creativity support tools. Previously, Dr. Luther was a postdoctoral fellow in the Human-Computer Interaction Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. He received his Ph.D. in human-centered computing from Georgia Tech, where he was a James D. Foley Scholar. He received his B.S. in computer graphics technology, with honors and highest distinction, from Purdue University. He also completed internships at IBM Research, Microsoft Research, and YouTube/Google.