Fall 2018 Talk Schedule

Privacy Contextualization: the Good, the Bad, and the Ugly

September 25, 2018
11 am – 12 pm
2116 Hornbake Bldg, South Wing

Abstract: As our information ecology evolves to be more digital and ubiquitous, we are moving from a world where data collection and processing is siloed and specialized, to a world where everyday individuals produce massive trails of data and consume considerable amounts of data products. When this complex ecosystem is forming around individuals, organizations, and data, it is important to understand how the human-technology frontier is shaping up in data practices to balance between technological design and the human/societal needs. A major aspect of this human-technology frontier is the concerns on information privacy, which is becoming an increasingly critical and global challenge for many stakeholders including business leaders, IT professionals, privacy activists, and government regulators. In this talk, I will first describe how extensive research efforts were spent on refining the highly contextualized nature of privacy, and revealing factors that affect people’s privacy concerns, from cognition to emotion to environment. Then I will argue that, while we can continue down this line to keep adding factors towards an overcomplicated model of privacy: the more researchers try to “refine” a construct to precision, the easier it is for them to focus too much on “siloed” factors and lose sight of the “big picture”, eventually departing from what real-world people think the construct means. What I propose in my ongoing work is to develop practical models that are not designed to serve as a comprehensive explanation for the construct of privacy, but to capture most concerns by most individuals in most situations, towards the goal of actionable design guidelines for more usable privacy solutions in practice.

Speaker: Dr. Heng Xu is a Professor of Information Technology and Analytics in the Kogod School of Business at the American University, where she also serves as the Director of the Kogod Cybersecurity Governance Center (KCGC). Her current research focus is on the interplay between human and technological issues associated with information privacy and cybersecurity, with the overall goal to understand the behavioral, social, strategic, and governance aspects of handling and securing personal data. Her work has received many awards, including the NSF CAREER award in 2010, and a total of 10 best paper awards and nominations at various leading conferences. Before joining Kogod in 2018, she had a mix of academic and government background, serving as a faculty member at Penn State for 12 years, as well as being a program director at the National Science Foundation for 3 years. She has also served on a broad spectrum of national leadership committees including the National Privacy Research Strategy Forum (2014-2016) and the National Academies Committee on Open Science (2017-2018).

The Resilience Approach to Cybersecurity Policy in the Internet of Things Ecosystem

October 2, 2018
11 am – 12 pm
2116 Hornbake Bldg, South Wing

Abstract: The Internet of Things ecosystem includes consumer devices as well as our nation’s critical internet-enabled infrastructure. As we move beyond the threshold of one device per person on the planet, the amount of threat vectors and vulnerabilities is also increasing. However, the ability of policymakers and bureaucrats to respond to cyber threats is limited by status-quo bias and structural impediments to governance such as hierarchy and rigidity. Rather than a top-down policy approach, device insecurity requires solutions from a variety of stakeholders with the goal of achieving resilience in Internet of Things ecosystem. The resilience approach recognizes that the only sustainable way to confront large-scale disturbances is to empower stakeholders at multiple levels to remain persistent in the face of threats.

Speaker: Anne Hobson is a PhD Student in economics at George Mason University and a Program Manager the Mercatus Center at George Mason University. She is also an Internet Law & Policy Foundry Fellow. Prior to her current role, Anne was a Technology Policy Fellow at the R Street Institute and a Public Policy Associate at Facebook. She is an alumna of the Mercatus Center MA Fellowship at George Mason University. She continues to focus on policy issues associated with emerging technologies, such as artificial intelligence, virtual reality, and the internet of things. She received her B.A. in International Studies from Johns Hopkins University.

Making Literature Reviewing Less Painful and More Commonplace: Exploring Sociotechnical Solutions

October 16, 2018
11 am – 12 pm
2116 Hornbake Bldg, South Wing

Abstract: Having a solid grasp of the literature is very often a critical precursor to finding/defining and ultimately solving impactful research problems. But effective literature reviewing is currently painful and often (too) rare. It is very common to hear researchers (both beginning and experienced) struggle with the literature review process, complain about the lack of effective tools for supporting the process, or (if they’ve written a literature review before) express reluctance to do it again. This hampers research progress. My group is exploring sociotechnical solutions to this problem: how do we design configurations of technical systems (e.g., better interfaces, AI) and people (e.g., norms, practices) that can make effective literature reviewing less painful and more commonplace? This is still ongoing work, but I’d love to get feedback on some ways we are framing the problem, and some preliminary data and prototypes we have on hand so far.

Speaker: Joel Chan is an Assistant Professor in the University of Maryland’s College of Information Studies (iSchool), and Human-Computer Interaction Lab (HCIL). Previously, he was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow and Project Scientist in the Human-Computer Interaction Institute at Carnegie Mellon University. He received his PhD in Cognitive Psychology at the University of Pittsburgh. His research and teaching focus on the intersection of people, information, and creativity. He wants to know how they (can best) combine to enable us to design the future(s) we want to live in.

A New Approach for Categorizing Cyber Effects and Measuring their Severity

October 30, 2018
11 am – 12 pm
2116 Hornbake Bldg, South Wing

Abstract: Media is filled with stories about data breaches, phishing attempts, and other forms of cyber activity. Yet these popular accounts struggle to differentiate events which are largely considered a nuisance from those that represent a justifiable public concern. Policy makers struggle with the same dilemma as the inability to discern cyber activity of significance is rooted in the lack of tools that speak to the classification of the effect engineered by the hacker or to its impact on the targeted organization. This talk will focus on a new taxonomy of effect developed at the School of Public Policy, the results of its application to over 2300 published cyber events coded by industrial sector, and new methods to measure the severity of cyber attacks against organizations. The results of this research have direct impact for organizations assessing defensive strategies to combat the problem, policy makers concerned about the diversity of threat to differing parts of the economy, and to the insurance market who seek to offer products that transfer the risk of cyber attacks.

Speaker: Charles Harry is a senior leader, practitioner, and researcher with over 20 years of experience in intelligence and cyber operations. Dr. Harry is the Director of Operations at the Maryland Global Initiative in Cybersecurity (MaGIC), an Associate Research Professor in the School of Public Policy, and a Senior Research Associate at CISSM. Prior to his work with the university, Dr. Harry grew and led a $35 million dollar cybersecurity consulting organization combining analysts and developers to deliver innovative solutions to the private and public sector. His public service includes a 14-year career with the National Security Agency rising to the rank of senior technical leader (DISL). Dr. Harry holds degrees in Economics and History from the University of Colorado, and was awarded a PhD in Policy Studies from the University of Maryland. He is the recipient of the Director of National Intelligence Extraordinary Achievement Medal and the Signal Intelligence Career Achievement Medal. His current research focuses on the development of an analytic framework for assessing cybersecurity risk including the ability to categorize and measure the impact of cyber events.

Documenting Aftermath: An Author-Meets-Critics Session

November 13, 2018
11 am – 12 pm
2119 Hornbake Bldg, South Wing (Note the room change)

Abstract: In this author meets critics session, Drs. Daniel Greene (iSchool), Ricky Punzalan (iSchool), David Tomblin (STS), and Marccus Hendricks (UMD Urban Planning), will discuss Documenting Aftermath: Information Infrastructure in the Wake of Disasters with the author Megan Finn. Documenting Aftermath is an examination of how changing public information infrastructures shaped people’s experience of earthquakes in Northern California in 1868, 1906, and 1989. Finn argues that information orders—complex constellations of institutions, technologies, and practices—influence how we act in, experience, and document events. Examining multiple information orders in different historical moments allows for comparative examination of how people used and rebuilt different public information infrastructures following earthquakes.

Speaker: Megan Finn is an Assistant Professor at University of Washington’s Information School. Her work examines relations amongst institutions, infrastructures, and practices in the production, circulation, and use of information. She examines these themes in a book, called Documenting Aftermath: Information Infrastructures in the Wake of Disasters, with MIT Press coming out in Fall 2018. She completed her PhD in 2012 at UC Berkeley’s School of Information, and spent two  years as a Postdoctoral Researcher at Microsoft Research New England in Cambridge, MA with the Social Media Research Group. Her dissertation research was funded by National Science Foundation Dissertation Grant. Previously, she spent three years working as a engineer and research engineer at HP. I have an Masters degree in Information Management and Systems from UC Berkeley, and a B.S. in Computer Science from the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor LSA Honors College.

Better, Nicer, Clearer, Fairer: A Critical Assessment of the Movement for Ethical Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning

December 4, 2018
11 am – 12 pm
2116 Hornbake Bldg, South Wing

Abstract: This paper uses frame analysis to examine recent high-profile values statements endorsing ethical design for artificial intelligence and machine learning (AI/ML). Guided by insights from values in design and the sociology of business ethics, we uncover the grounding assumptions and terms of debate that make some conversations about ethical design possible while forestalling alternative visions. Vision statements for ethical AI/ML co-opt the language of some critics, folding them into a limited, technologically deterministic, expert-driven view of what ethical AI/ML means and how it might work.

Speaker: Daniel Greene is an Assistant Professor of Information Studies at the University of Maryland. He uses qualitative methods to explore the future of work, who is left out of it, and the sociotechnical systems that shape those possible futures. He is currently at work on a book manuscript for the MIT Press tentatively titled The Promise of Access: Hope and Inequality in the Information Economy. Other recent work touches on the organizational history of automated hiring, platforms’ management of freelance mobile developers, the commercial real estate market for internet infrastructure, and the regulation of police body camera data. The paper presented in this talk is a collaboration with Drs. Anna Lauren Hoffman of U Washington’s iSchool and Luke Stark of Microsoft Research Montreal. Daniel lives online at dmgreene.net.

The Fall 2018 CASCI Talk Series is organized by Priya Kumar. Please send questions about the schedule to pkumar12@umd.edu or casci@umd.edu.